We use data from the World Input‐Output Database to fit a closed multi-regional input-output model in order to estimate the size of spillover effects of Germany’s final demand on GDP, employment and the trade balance in Southern European countries. We find that spillover effects are rather small. Germany alone will hardly make a significant contribution to the external adjustment process in the European South.
Picek, O., & Schröder, E. (2018) Spillover Effects of Germany’s Final Demand on Southern Europe. The World Economy, 41(8), 2216–2242.